Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is the application of direct electrical current to the nerves for various therapeutic purposes. It is an advanced form of electrical stimulation, which has recently found its niche in the field of Neurotherapy and sports medicine. The application of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), is a form of TENS, but not as potent as it gets across the skin. This is mainly because the skin does not provide a safe place for a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device to pass through. For instance, it would be difficult to apply a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device to the facial skin. Therefore, there are certain precautions that one must take while using this form of therapy.
- Energy beams: One of the most important things that one must understand before going through with transcutaneous electrical muscle stimulation treatments is that they involve the use of extremely high voltage and extremely low frequency (EMF) energy beams. Therefore, it is essential that you are placed in a room with a properly functioning power supply, as well as a device or equipment which is capable of filtering out and absorbing the energies generated by the electrodes. This will ensure that any harmful electronic frequencies generated by the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device do not enter the nervous system. Some common devices used in such therapies include transcutaneous electrical muscle stimulation, as well as isochronic pulse therapy.
- Conventional techniques: Conventional tens techniques such as acupuncture and massage may be quite effective, as they can actually alleviate pain, but are also very time consuming and require lots of practice. In addition to that, patients may feel uncomfortable while being subjected to conventional tens techniques, especially those that employ the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (tens). The other disadvantage of conventional tens techniques is that they can only be used to treat acute pain, or if the pain is caused due to an injury. Whereas transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can be used to treat chronic conditions, such as back pain, and can even be used to prevent or treat pain in people who are prone to receiving pain killers, there are many people who are not aware of the fact that they can opt for this alternative as TENS machines are not expensive.
- Treatment: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, or TENS, is a non-invasive treatment that has proven effective in treating many illnesses and conditions. TENS is an acronym for Transcutaneous Electrical Neuropathy Therapy and is a type of treatment often used to treat pain and swelling associated with conditions like arthritis, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, and stroke. The unit works by delivering short electrical pulses directly to the skin to produce relief from pain and physical discomfort.
- Relief from pain: A small transcutaneous electrical device called a tens unit is placed directly under the skin. This unit is powered by batteries and uses a small amount of electricity generated by the body itself to provide relief from pain. TENS is safe and affordable, with no health risks associated with its use. In addition, it has been found that the thousands of dollars spent on purchasing a tens unit to use in a medical setting can pay for itself many times over in a short period. It is a non-invasive, painless way to provide relief for the millions of Americans who suffer from pain every day.
How does it work?
Before using a tens unit, it is important to understand how it works. During a TENS treatment session, the patient lies on a massage table or chair with their feet planted on the floor. An electrical gel is applied to the painful area with the transcutaneous unit resting directly on the skin. The patient’s skin becomes slightly taut as the gel is applied, which makes the area feel slightly warm. As the unit sends out electrical pulses along the length of the muscles, the body begins to relax. This relaxation gradually decreases the level of pain as more electrical pulses reach the tensed area.
- TENS sessions: During a session, the patient will receive soothing electric pulses along the length of their muscles, which relaxes them from the start until the end of the session. The skin in the area being treated does become slightly irritated as the electrical current travels, but this irritation is mild and typically goes away within 30 seconds. While some patients may be a little uncomfortable during the treatment, the irritation is minimal and often goes away quickly. Some patients may experience slight tingling or itching around the area where the electrodes are attached, but these feelings usually go away within a few minutes.
During a TENS session, the patient is not in any pain but instead feels a relaxing sensation as the electrical current begins to reach the muscles. Because the patient is not in pain, there is no need for anesthetics or other strong painkillers. Instead, the electrical pulses only stimulate nerves, which are then stimulated by the brain. Nerves send pain signals to the brain, which then sends the pain signal to the patient. When the tens unit is used on a regular basis, the patient generally experiences a decrease in pain throughout the day and in many cases, the disorder disappears entirely after a few months of continuous therapy.
TENS units are available for purchase from a variety of sources, including online merchants such as Amazon and Overstock. For most products, you can get them in packs of up to four, with each patch having two to four electrodes. While these units are often more expensive than other transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation products, they are much more convenient. The individual pieces of equipment, which can easily be worn in backpacks or on clothing, simply have to be placed in the affected region, which often means that the therapist has to drive several hours to come to your home. As with the majority of therapeutic treatments, the tens unit must be prescribed by a doctor in order to obtain approval for its use.